Retinoic acid (Tretinoin): By prescription - Scientifically proven to improve the appearance of the signs of aging by promoting growth of new, healthy skin cells and restoring the collagen damaged over the years. It can also lighten brown spots and stimulated hyaluronic acid production.
Retinol: When applied to the skin, retinol converts to retinoic acid. It is less potent than tretinoin, but its continued use can improve the appearance of aging skin signs.
2. Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Poly Hydroxy Acids (PHA)
AHA: Alpha Hydroxy Acids, such as glycolic acid, add radiance, smooth lines, help fade blotches, and allow other anti-aging ingredients to penetrate faster and work more effectively.
PHA: Ingredients such as gluconolactone and lactobionic acid are types of Poly Hydroxy Acid (PHA). They are similar to AHA, but less irritant due to their larger molecular structure, which makes them more suitable than AHA for individuals with sensitive skin.
Vitamins: Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid is the topical antioxidant par excellence. When applied topically, vitamin C has been proven to increase collagen production, which is significant in the fight against wrinkles. Vitamin C reduces skin discoloration and helps skin better withstand exposure to sunlight. Vitamin E or alpha tocopherol works in several different ways to protect cell membranes from oxidative damage. It also works in powerful synergy with vitamin C increasing its stability. It is very important to use a serum formulation packaged in a dark bottle to prevent light exposure. The combination of these vitamins with other botanical antioxidants such as ferulic acid or phloretin may potentiate their action preventing and correcting signs of photo aging.
Resveratrol: Is a potent polyphenolic antioxidant, found in, red wine, red grapes nuts, and fruits such as blueberries and cranberries. When applied topically, it protects against sun damage, improves collagen production, and reduces cell damage. Its continued use has shown improvement of aging skin signs.
Green tea: The key compound in green tea that provides potent antioxidant protection is epigallocatechin-3 gallate (EGCG) that, when used topically, can prevent collagen breakdown and reduce sun damage.
4. Growth factors:
Growth factors are proteins that regulate cellular growth, proliferation and differentiation under controlled conditions. They play an important part in maintaining healthy skin structure and function. Most of the growth factors used in cosmetics are from plants.
Results from multiple controlled clinical studies have shown that the application of skin creams containing growth factors: reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles as a result of new collagen synthesis, improves the appearance of age spots and evens out pigmentation, reduces skin roughness, improves skin texture and elasticity and improves skin smoothness and tightness.
Peptides are a string of amino acids that are held together by bonds of nitrogen and carbon. Short chain peptides are able to penetrate the epidermis and send signals to cells, informing them how to function.
There are different types of peptides that help to reduce the signs of photo aging. They are effective in repairing damaged and aging skin, but their results are visible only after being used between 6 to 12 weeks and must be continuously utilized. Once the peptides are discontinued, the results may fade.
Examples of peptides are: Collagen/Elastin Building Peptides, Argireline, Matrixyl, Dermaxyl, Acetyl Glutamyl Octapeptide-3, and several more.
Always remember that you can use all the right products with the best anti-aging ingredients out there but if you neglect to use sunscreen- you will not see the benefits. Sunscreen is an important step when trying to achieve that youthful glow. When sunscreen is used year-round with the 5 ingredients listed above- you are on the right track to younger, healthier skin.
Get on track, with our top anti-aging products, today!